為嬰兒（5-12個月）準備的必需品和環境設置：離乳，吃的階段 Essential things & environment for a newborn (5-12 months) ：weaning & eating stage
"兩勺方法"：基本上，作為主要照顧者，您使用一個勺子餵食，而您的孩子則用另一個勺子餵食自己。 當您的孩子無法勺食物或仍未將食物放入嘴巴時，您可能仍需要用湯匙餵他/她，但是孩子可以出於好奇用自己的湯匙來體驗食物。這過程可能非常混亂，因此請耐心等待您的孩子。 當您的孩子一旦開始使用勺子並將食物放入他/她的嘴裡時，您可以先用勺子將食物勺起，然後再把裝著食物的勺子與孩子的勺子交換，或者將食物放在孩子自己的勺子上，讓他/她嘗試自己餵食自己。 （提示：儘量把食物做得容易勺取，無論是切小塊，更濃稠或者是較少的液體）。 經過反覆練習後，您的孩子遲早可以自己開始勺東西和自己進食。
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Weaning and eating stage
A child aged 5-12 months has experienced the most significant developmental milestones in his life. In these short months, the child has not only learned to stand up, sit, crawl, stand, and even walk, such gross motor development. He also begins to grasp and release two or three fingers grasping and other fine motor developments with the whole hand. During this time, the child also started the so-called "Self-weaning" and slowly tried various food in various forms. At the same time, he begins to interact with people around them, such as smiling and waving. Some child even starts to say a few words.
Because each child's developmental milestones happen at different paces, the various required items, and prepared environments introduced here are designed for the development stage rather than the child's specific age month.
• A child-size small bowl
• A child-size glass cup
• A child-size plate
• Two child-sized spoons
• A set of child-size weaning table and chair (set up to a height where the child can sit or leave independently)
• When the child cannot sit yet, the way of feeding can be that the primary caregiver sits at the weaning table and then let the child sit on the caregiver's lap. The caregiver looks at the child and introduces the food to the child. Feed the child slowly.
• When the child can start to sit independently, the feeding method can be that the adult sits at the weaning table's side, and the child sits opposite the weaning table. The caregiver looks at the child, introduces the food to the child, and uses the "two spoons" method for feeding.
• When the child can grab food, the feeding method can be that the adult sits at the weaning table's side, and the child sits opposite the weaning table. The caregiver looks at the child and introduces the food to the child; besides using the "two spoons method" for feeding, the caregiver can also let the child grab the food by himself. Food should be presented separately as much as possible, and try to eat authentic food.
"Two spoon method": Basically, as the primary caregiver, you use one spoon to feed, and your child feeds himself with another spoon. When the child cannot spoon food or has not put food in his mouth, the caregiver may still need to feed him/her with a spoon, but the child can experience food with his spoon out of curiosity. This process can be very messy, so please be patient and wait for the child. Once the child starts to use the spoon and puts food in his/her mouth, the caregiver can use the spoon to scoop up the food, and then exchange the spoon with the food in the spoon, or put the food in On the child's spoon, let him/her try to feed himself. (Hint: Try to make the food easy to scoop, whether it is cut into small pieces, thicker or less liquid). After repeated practice, your child can start spooning and eating by himself sooner or later.
"Self-feeding may be a troublesome practice process for your child, but it is an important part of the child's growth. The child acquires important skills through repeated mistakes and learning. When the child controls self-feeding, he will respond to hunger and the natural cues of fullness to respond." said Tiffani Hays, director of pediatric nutrition at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center in Baltimore.
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