在孩子的世界發現創造力Creativity in children
The definition of "creativity" is "the ability to transcend traditional ideas, rules, patterns, relationships, or the like, and create meaningful new ideas, forms, methods, interpretations, etc. Many adults think that they do not have the creative ability because they can not produce things. However, creativity is a skill that can be cultivated at any time in life.
Creativity is not limited to artistic and musical expression. It is also essential for science, math, and even social and emotional intelligence. It could be just our day to day life.
There is a common misconception that the Montessori approach is not creative; it doesn't encourage children to be imaginative and creative. Such an understanding is not true. Children under three and even up to six years old have difficulty distinguishing fantasy from reality. Therefore for children under three years old, the Montessori approach focuses on letting children understand the real world surrounding them and supporting them to integrate themselves into the real world. Such a method will support the development of imagination and creativity. We should create an environment for children, which encourages curiosity through the freedom we give to the child. How we prepare the space so that children become curious about the world around them will eventually develop the ability to think and create for themselves.
How do we foster creativity in children under six years old? We can explore the ideas together:
Give children time! A lot of time.
Children need a lot of time for unstructured, child-directed, imaginative play/work. They do not need to take directions from adults either depending on a lot of toys.
Be creative in our daily life.
Inspire your children to think or do in new and unconventional ways. It could be bringing them into different environments or preparing or making a meal differently.
Modeling for creativity
We can create something with our children together, whether cutting paper flowers or building lego blocks. The creating process fosters the idea from inspiration to production; children can see how the creative process works. The effort of making things helps us to learn new and innovative techniques for thinking. When you create with your kids and model creative thinking, children will follow and eventually be inspired to do the same.
Emphasize the process rather than the outcome.
We want our children to be creative and work on creating from their inner drive, not for the sake of pleasing us. Therefore emphasizing the process, learning and progress, praising for the efforts related to the outcome. One way you can do this is by asking questions about the process - Did you have fun? What did you like about that activity?